Primary Source Sets

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Agricultural Work, 1900-1940

This set describes the essential role of Latino family labor in the agricultural economy of Boulder County, especially the back-breaking work of growing sugar beets.
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Challenging Racism, Increasing Inclusion, 1945-1965

This set explores how veterans and others challenged racist practices, increasing internationalism or inclusion of Latinos, and the search for a positive identity.
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Chicano Students at CU-Boulder and “Los Seis,” 1966-1980

This describes the arrival of hundreds of Chicano students at CU-Boulder around 1970, their organizations and activities, and the bombings that killed “Los Seis.”
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Coal Mining, 1900-1940

These materials explore the working lives of Latino coal miners in Boulder County, including the dangers they faced, and where their families lived.
Creating An Inclusive Chicano Identity, 1966-1980

This set explores how some Latinos defined themselves as “Chicanos,” a term with political overtones, and how they worked to preserve Latino culture and address divisions among local Latinos.
Education of Latino Children, 1900-1980

This set explores the Latino commitment to education, the discrimination youngsters faced in school, and quantitative information about school children (good for math lessons).
Families, Parents, and Grandparents, 1900-1980

This resource considers Latino families, emphasizing the importance of grandparents and other relatives in the raising of children as well as the role of fathers.
Food, Health, and Medicine, 1900-1980

This unit concerns food and its roles within Latino families, the use of herbal remedies for illness, and limited participation in formal health care.
Housing and Neighborhoods, 1900-1980

These materials present information about the kinds of houses in which Latinos have lived and heavily Latino neighborhoods, including interactive town maps.
Immigrants from New Mexico and Southern Colorado, 1900-1940

This set of materials explores the complex racial/cultural heritage of Latinos living in New Mexico and their movement to southern Colorado and then northwards.
Immigration from Mexico, 1900-1940

This set explores the reasons that led Mexicans to leave their homes (primarily extreme poverty and the Mexican Revolution) and traces migration routes.
Key Transitions, Birth to Death, 1900-1980

This set explores some major transitions in Latinas/os’ lives and how they were celebrated: birth/baptisms, childhood, dating, marriage, and death/funerals.
Labor Unions and Strikes, 1910-1935

This resource discusses labor union activity among Boulder County’s coal miners, 1910-1935, including strikes and violent repression, and a surprising strike by beet workers in 1932.
Military Service in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam

This unit describes the experiences of the many local Latinos who served in the military and the importance of the G.I. Bill and veterans’ organizations.
Political Activism by Boulder County Residents, 1966-1980

This set focuses upon efforts by Chicanos in Longmont to force the Board of Education to provide more resources and better advising for Latino students.
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Quantitative Evidence about Immigration, 1900-1940

Numerical information on immigration to help students understand how quantitative material is gathered and analyzed, using spreadsheets together with a written text
Racism and the Ku Klux Klan, 1910-1940

This resource describes racism and discrimination against Latinos in Boulder County in the early twentieth century, especially the activities of the Ku Klux Klan.
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Reaching Out to Migrant Workers, 1966-1980

This set deals with labor, education, and child care issues among migrant workers in Boulder County, and how local people tried to improve their conditions.
Religion, 1900-1980

A description of home-based religious practices prior to 1940s and closer involvement with the Catholic Church thereafter, though some questioning of it.
Repatriation and Deportation of Mexicans, 1932-1936

This resource examines deportation (or “repatriation”) of Mexicans who were unemployed or competed with white Americans for jobs during the 1930s, including a border blockade.
Social Life, Entertainment, and Sports, 1900-1980

This resource describes the kinds of social life and entertainment that Latinos enjoyed and talks about their participation in sports--at school and as adults.
Ten Young Latinas/os in 2013

This set describes the experiences of the high school and college interns who worked with the Boulder County Latino History Project in 2013; they discuss learning English, racism at school, and immigration problems (8 student interviews are excerpted here, with 2 others described in the accompanying text).
The Shootings in Longmont and Founding of El Comité, 1980

This set describes the 1980 shooting of two young Latinos by a police officer in Longmont and the formation of El Comité to represent the Latino community.
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The Work of Women and Children, 1900-1940

This resource depicts the types of work done by women and children, in the home or for pay, many of which required hard physical labor.